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    中考閱讀理解ppt下載

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    中考閱讀理解ppt

    中考閱讀理解ppt免費下載是由PPT寶藏(www.ijjv.tw)會員yangyiner上傳推薦的其他PPT, 更新時間為2019-02-27,素材編號337290。

    這是中考閱讀理解ppt,包括了考點解讀,新課標解讀,能力要求,題型特點,考點梳理,解題步驟,主要題型,理解主旨大意,主旨題常見的命題形式,細節理解和細節判斷,猜測詞義題等內容,歡迎點擊下載。

    中考英語閱讀理解解題技巧
    資中一中  王桂華
    考點解讀
    中學英語教學大綱把培養學生閱讀能力作為一個主要的教學目標,而閱讀理解題是每次中考中分值最大的一類題。
    新課標解讀
    據上下文和構詞法推斷、理解生詞的含義
    命題依據
    能根據不同的閱讀目的,運用簡單的閱讀策略快速獲取細節信息。
    能把握所讀材料的中心思想和主要事實。
    能把握所讀材料的主要邏輯線索,事件和空間的順序。
    能根據上下文和構詞法推斷、理解詞義。
    能根據上下文理解作者的態度、觀點和意圖。
    能找出文章中的主題,理解故事的情節,預測故事情節的發展和結局。
    能力要求
    預測能力
    快速閱讀能力
    整體理解能力
    快速準確獲取關鍵信息能力
    把握全文主旨能力
    能力要求
    把握段落主旨能力
    對西方文化的理解能力
    句子結構和文章結構的理解能力
    掌握一定的閱讀詞匯量
    詞語意義的理解能力
    題型特點
    直觀性問題
    常識性問題
    理解性問題
    推理性問題
    考點梳理
    中考對四篇文章的閱讀理解能力要求
    閱讀量約100詞左右。根據題目要求,快速搜索信息。所選文章多為應用文體,如:各種通知、海報、節目單、時刻表、校園學生活動安排等。
    閱讀量約200詞左右。快速閱讀,整體理解,根據題目要求,不僅要理解細節,而且要理解主旨以及推測詞義等。所選文章多為記敘文。如故事、人物、文化等。
    閱讀量約250-300詞左右。快速閱讀,整體理解,根據題目要求,不僅要理解細節、理解主旨以及推測詞義,而且要理解深層含義、作者意圖等。
    閱讀量約200詞左右。根據題目要求,快速提取關鍵信息,并要求一定的歸納能力。所選文章多為說明文。如科普短文 ,使用說明等。
    解題步驟
    一、先讀問題,弄清考查要點
    二、快速瀏覽全文,掌握全貌
    三、細讀原文,捕捉相關信息詞
    四、重讀原文,仔細斟酌核對答案
    主要題型
    理解主旨大意( To find out the main idea)
    細節理解和細節判斷( To look for details)
    猜測詞義( To guess the meaning)
    推理判斷題( To infer a conclusion)
    理解主旨大意
    解題技巧:
    1.抓住主題句,鎖定文章主旨
    2.抓住段落大意,概括中心思想
    3.抓住主線和關鍵,歸納文章中心
    主旨題常見的命題形式:
    (1) What’s the main idea of the passage ?
    (2) This passage is mainly about…….
    (3) The author's purpose in writing this text is…….
    (4) Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
    (5) What’s the topic of the text?
    典例:(2011年內江市中考卷)
    63、What’s the main idea of the third paragraph?
    A、Many parents don’t understand kids’ language in their blogs.
    B、Many parents are worried about these young bloggers.
    C、Many parents can’t understand why their kids don’t like studying.
    70、What is the passage about?
    A、Repairing old computers.
    B、Selling old computers.
    C、Recycling old computers.
    細節理解和細節判斷
    常考題型:
    1、是非題               2、例證題                 
    3、年代與數字        4、比較                    
    5、原因                   6、事實排序題           
    7、直接信息題        8、間接信息題          
    9、綜合信息題
    細節理解和細節判斷
    解題技巧:
    (1)細心審題,直接就題找答案。
    (2)變通理解,間接轉述找答案。
    (3)多點歸納,綜合事實找答案。
    細節理解和細節判斷
    細節題常見的命題形式:
    Which of the following is True/Not True?
    In the passage, which of the following is mentioned?
    All of the following statements are true except…
    Choose the right order of the events given in the passage.
    用Where, how, who, why, how long等引導的特殊疑問句要求判斷細節。
    典例:
    65. Which of the following is NOT true?
    A. My brothers, my sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch when I was a child.   
    B. These days, there is only one channel with old movies, cooking and fishing. 
    C. People have many channels to choose from now. (2010年內江市中考卷)
    猜測詞義題
    解題技巧:
    1、通過因果關系猜測詞義;
    2、通過同義詞和近、反義詞的關系猜詞;
    3、通過構詞法猜測詞義;
    4、通過定義或釋義說明來推測詞義;
    5、通過描述猜測詞義;
    6、用知識和生活經驗猜測詞義;
    7、根據上下文的指代關系進行猜測。
    猜測詞義題
    常見命題形式如下:
    1)、The word “…” in the passage probably means_________.
    2)、What does the word “…”mean______.
    3)、The underlined(劃線的) word means_________
    4)、The close meaning of the underlined word“…”is ___in English .
    5)、The word “…”refers to ________
    典例:
    69、In the 2nd paragraph, the close meaning of the underlined word “teased” is ___in English .                (2010年內江中考卷)
    hit    B. criticized    C. laughed at
    60.What's the Chinese meaning of the underlined word "fined"?
    A. 罰款 B. 給予 C. 獎勵(2011年內江中考卷)
    推理判斷題
    解題技巧:
    與原文相同的細節不能選
    文中沒有出現的細節不能跳出文章做推斷
    推理判斷題
    1、推理深層含義的常見命題形式如下:
    We can infer from the passage that _______
    The writer suggest that _______
    From the passage, we can learn that _______
    We may conclude from the passage that _______
    From the passage, it can be inferred that _______
    典例:
    65.We can learn the last paragraph that
    A. It’s easy for many teenagers to give up blogging on the Internet.
    B. It’s safe for many teenagers to put their personal information on the Internet.
    C. It’s popular for many teenagers to use blogs on the Internet.
                                    (2011年內江市中考卷)
    推理判斷題
    2、推理作者意圖、觀點、態度的常見命題方式如下:
    The writer’s purpose in writing this story is ……
    In the writer’s opinion, a good school should ……
    What should be the right attitude towards “…”?
    The writer’s attitude toward “…” is ……
    例文:
            We spent a day in the country picking wild flowers. With the car full of flowers we were going home. On our way back, my wife noticed a cupboard outside a shop. It was tall and narrow. “Buy it.” My wife said at once, “We’ll carry it home on the roof rack. I’ve always wanted one like that.” What could I do? Ten minutes later, I was $20 poorer, and the cupboard was tied on the roof rack.
    From the passage, we can see that in fact the husband _____the cupboard.
       A、thought it was worth buying
       B、believed they needed to buy
       C、was glad to have bought
       D、would rather not buy
    What's a blog? A blog is a personal online diary(日記). It's cool, it's hot, and everyone is doing it. People talk about it often. Sound like a fashion? In fact, It's another trend (流行趨勢). And the word "blogger" means a person who writes diaries online. Are you a blogger?
      Many bloggers are teenagers who log (進入) onto websites to discuss anything in their lives. Many of today's teenagers are not afraid to openly discuss everything in their lives. Teenagers complain about their parents and homework. They share diaries, post(發布) songs from the latest bands and show pictures of theirs. They write their own poems, say something about their girlfriends or boyfriends and complain to each other or offer support. But mostly they just write down what they do every day.
    However, many parents are worried about these young bloggers. Parents see the kids talking about how they got drunk last weekend and how they don't like studying. They are using the language that is surprising to their parents. Besides hearing from their friends, teen bloggers also get messages from strangers. Most of the time, it's older men asking to meet teenage girls. "These strange men are dangerous for my kids. They sometimes teach my kids bad words." said Cara Cabral, a mother of two children.
      Many teenagers and young adults know it's not safe to use blogs on the Internet. They know they are putting information about themselves in a place where it can be seen by anyone. But teenagers are unwilling to give up these new communication tools that have become a way of life for many of them.
    61. The underlined word “it” in the first paragraph means _____ .
       A. the fashion  B. the Internet  C. the blog
    62. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?
       A. Teenagers don’t tell about their personal life in their blogs.
       B. Teenagers mostly write down what they do every day in their blogs.
       C. Teenagers complain about their parents and homework in their blogs.
    63. What’s the main idea of the third paragraph?
       A. Many parents don’t understand kids’ language in their blogs.
       B. Many parents are worried about these young bloggers.
       C. Many parents can understand why their kids don’t like studying.
    64. Many parents think it’s ______ for their children to get messages from strangers.
       A. dangerous    B. interesting   C. surprising
    65. We can learn from the last paragraph that ______
       A. It’s easy for many teenagers to give up blogging on the Internet
       B. It’s safe for many teenagers to put their personal information on the Internet
       C. It’s popular for many teenagers to use blogs on the Internet
     

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